How to Dig a Pond With a Backhoe
A pond is a picturesque feature that can add value to both residential and commercial sites. The best way to dig a pond is to use an efficient backhoe rental. This equipment will help you dig quickly and accurately, so you can create a stunning pond area with minimal effort. If you include this type of water feature in your landscaping plan, follow these steps to get the project done right.
How to Dig a Pond with a Backhoe
- Mark the Work Area
Use survey stakes marked with orange ribbon to outline the area for your pond. It’s important to know your site well and make sure you’re not digging over any utilities. Use a measuring tape and map to ensure that you’re placing your pond properly. Though the orange tape will make the stakes more readily visible to the backhoe operator, you should still work with a spotter. The spotter will help to direct the backhoe operator throughout the project and make sure the digging is accurate in placement and depth.
- Clear the Surface
Begin by clearing the surface of the pond area using the tines of the backhoe. This initial sweep will remove grass, shrubs, rocks, and other debris from the area so you’re working with a cleared expanse of dirt. If there are any large obstructions in the way, such as boulders, you’ll likely locate them during this sweep. You can then make a plan to deal with any major difficulties that you’ve found.
Once the surface of the pond area is clear, it’s much easier to visualize your next steps. The backhoe operator will have a better visual of the project as a whole after this critical first pass.
- Determine Your Depth
Use orange spray paint to work across the surface of the pond, making a clear grid pattern. You will use this grid to designate the appropriate depth for each part of the pond. You’ll typically want the deepest part of the pond in the center with a shallower slope around the edges.
Mark the depth for each section of the grid clearly both on the ground and on a corresponding plot on a piece of paper. Refer to this plot again often and measure the pond’s depth as you excavate to make sure you’re on target.
- Work From the Center
Position your backhoe at one end of the pond in the center of the total area you will be excavating. Dig a trench across the middle of the pond. This divides the work area neatly and gives you a center point to work outward from. Throughout the project, you should position the backhoe so it’s digging directly in front of the body at a slight angle. Make sure the backhoe is always positioned on firm ground a safe distance from the area that you have already excavated.
For each pass, you will lower the boom, insert the bucket at an angle, and curl it upward. While keeping the bucket curled, you will then retract and raise the boom. Pull the stick toward the cab to dump the load. You can rotate the arm to dump alongside the backhoe, but remember to always dig in an area that’s in line with the tracks or wheels.
Be mindful of overfilling the bucket. If you attempt to pick up too much dirt at once, you’ll simply spill a larger portion of the earth before dumping it successfully. This strategy ultimately adds more work to your project. Keeping the bucket filled to an appropriate level, you can move quicker, making fast passes that will help you excavate the pond area in an efficient amount of time.
- Remove Material to a Containment Truck
Place the containment truck for your project at a 90-degree angle to the pond. The backhoe should be able to swing its arm easily over the open truck to dump material. The best positioning will allow the backhoe to dump material in a long line, so it can empty the bucket as it swings, further speeding the project.
The backhoe shouldn’t have to rotate any more than 160 degrees. Beyond this point, you’ll increase your spillage and significantly reduce your efficiency. Plan the placement of your containment truck carefully so it’s situated in the best possible area for fast digging with minimal spillage on the work site.
With a backhoe rental, you can dramatically improve the accuracy and efficiency of your pond digging project. This equipment is available daily, weekly, or monthly so you can get what you need just when you need it and take on any landscaping project with ease.